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Figs are the leader among fruits in terms of content of substances. There is so much potassium in this product that, if it were not for the nut, it would definitely take first place in the ranking. And there is more iron in fleshy fruits than in an apple. And this is despite the fact that it is the latter that is considered the leader in terms of the number of elements in its composition. And figs also contain the famous vitamin B6 - the one that takes part in the production of serotonin, called the "hormone of happiness". And in order to enjoy all this beauty, it is absolutely not necessary to visit Crimea or Transcaucasia. With an effort, you can grow figs in your own dacha. This is not an easy task, but very exciting.

Botanical Description of Fig

Fig is a representative of the Mulberry family. The plant belongs to the genus Ficus and is most often found in the Mediterranean countries, in the Caucasus, Crimea and the Carpathians.
Plant type: tree or deciduous shrub.
Leaves: hard, large in area, divided.
Flowers: vary in type. The first are female, called figs. The second are male, called kapryfigi. Inflorescences develop in the leaf axils.
Fruits: appear on ameste where there was a female flower before fertilization. They are pear-shaped. At the very top of the fruit there is an eyelet, which is hidden under the scales. They can vary in color depending on the variety and type of plant - from yellow to black-purple.


The fig fruit has a very sweet and juicy pulp with a sugar content of up to 12 g. It is interesting that the amount of sugars in dried fruits is significantly higher - up to 70 g. That is why figs are considered a nutritious, but very high-calorie fruit. 

Popular varieties of Fig

Today, gardeners and botanists know more than a thousand varieties of figs. And this is not the limit: the announced figure, thanks to breeders, is constantly increasing. The most popular varietal species are listed below, from the list of which you can choose one or more for cultivation in a summer cottage.

Crimean black. The variety is medium-ripe and has a high yield. With the right approach, fruits can be harvested twice a season. The first time was in July. And one more time - in September. The first fruits weigh up to 80 g, and the secondary harvest is less weight - about 40 g. The skin has a blue-violet color.
Dalmatian. The variety belongs to the early maturing and is considered one of the best table varieties of the plant. Bears fruit twice. The fruits are incredibly large - up to 180 g. The secondary harvest is slightly smaller (up to 130 g), but still impressive in taste and weight. The skin has a yellowish skin with barely noticeable white stripes.
Randino. Like the two previous varieties, it bears fruit twice a year. The harvest brings a lot. The fruits are olive green. Fruits of the first harvest weigh about 100 g each, in fruits of the second harvest - about 50 g. Perfect for canning.

In the tropics, wasps pollinate figs. But not ordinary, but special - which are absent in our latitudes. Therefore, only self-fertile varieties are suitable for growing in a summer cottage: “Turkish brown” (ripens at the end of August), “Sabrucia pink” (refers to early maturing varieties) and the “Crimean black” described above.


Useful properties of figs

Reduces cholesterol. The soluble fiber of the fig tree contains substances that remove cholesterol from the blood, thereby lowering its level in the body.
Reduces blood sugar. Provided that a person eats fruits fresh, not dried. Dried figs are contraindicated for diabetics.
It has a diaphoretic effect. Fig fruits can replace raspberries for colds. Raspberry tea makes the patient sweat and thus lowers the body temperature. The fig tree has a similar effect.
Relieves inflammation. Those who have a sore throat, who have a sore throat or develop bronchitis are advised to rinse their mouth with fig decoction. The same remedy does an excellent job of eliminating bleeding gums.

Fig legend

Fig is one of the few plants that is integrated into religion. This bush is mentioned in the Bible. Remember, it was with the fig leaf that Adam and Eve covered their nakedness. Figs also “lit up” in the Koran. In the holy book of Muslims there is a sura (chapter), which is called the Fig tree. But you remember that the fig tree is the second, no less common name for the deciduous shrub under discussion.